Vukovar - Home of the Vučedol Dove

Vukovar - centuries old Croatian town on the banks of the Danube River has always been the crossroads and the meeting point of different cultures. Archeological localities bear witness to the life in the Vukovar area and the Vučedol culture five millennia ago.

Vučedol dove is the most famous ceramic vessel from archaeological sites at Vučedol, made between the 2800. and 2400. b.C., and was found 1938. on the site of Gradac. It is richly decorated with inlay, and it was used as a censer.

The old center of Vukovar is characterized by its houses with arches built in a style typical of the provincial baroque style of Maria Theresa period. The most outstanding among them are buildings housing the Stage-coach post office, the Town Magistrate, the Kirchbaum-Schwartz central chemist, the Srijem County palace, the Grand Hotel, the Croatian Hall on the banks of Danube, the birth-house of Lavoslav Ružićka – the first Croatian Nobel prize winner (in 1939 he received the Nobel prize for chemistry).

The Eltz Castle
The City Museum Vukovar was founded in 1946 and the first permanent exhibition was opened in 1948 owing to the first donation of its founder, the citizen of Vukovar dr. Antun Bauer. During the Croatian War of Independence in 1991 the complex of the Eltz Castle suffered heavy devastation and continued its activities as the Museum in exile till returning to the devastated Eltz Castle, in which the reconstruction process began in 2005. The construction works on the Eltz Castle complex were finished in November 2011. The first phase of the permanent exhibition on the ground floor of Eltz Castle with ceremonial halls and ambient spaces was opened in the Night of museums on January 25th 2013. Already next year, on January 23rd 2014, the permanent exhibition of the City Museum Vukovar was opened, which is covering a time span of 8000 years with its collection. Ceremonial halls are lining up in the second part of the ground floor: Marble hall, Baroque hall, Hall of mirrors, Baroque parlour, Hunter’s parlour with restored stuccoes, parquet floor, carpentry, tile stoves and works of art which are partly positioned at their original positions in the manor, also showing in part the lifestyle of Vukovar nobility.

The permanent exhibition on the first floor and in the manor’s attics is displaying the range of civilizations and the course of life on the loess reef and the Danube from prehistory ‘till present day. It is divided in six thematic units.

Archaeological history of Vukovar area shown throughout ten rooms, Historical development of Vukovar in seven rooms.
The 20th presented through newsprints documenting all important events and prominent citizens of Vukovar in that period, among which is also the Nobel Prize winner Lavoslav Ružička.
There are also valuable Ethnographic images of Vukovar area, and thematic units Barbarian destruction of the city during the Croatian War of Independence, Strength of roots / Life in exile and Vukovar today.

Vukovar is a city of history, culture and reminiscence, but also the city of courage and future; city that grows on the foundation of its strong spirit and the spirit of its citizens.

Park Forest Adica

Biological Adica is made of a hundred-years-old mixed forest bordered with wetland of nearby river Vuka. Central part is arranged as a picnic site with children’s playground and jogging track, and there is also Eco-Ethno center Adica, with catering and accommodation capacities and Center for Improvement of knowledge in rural tourism.

Walkway along Danube and Vuka
The footpath along the Danube in Vukovar is the closest to the beautiful Danube. If you want to get to know the Danube by sight, smell and feel, this is the greatest place to do it. In the center of the town, next to the Dunav Hotel and the port for tourist boats, the promenade also leads to the spot where the Vuka river flows into the Danube. By all means take a stroll along romantic Vuka Walkway.

Vukovar Nocturne
Vukovar Nocturne is a faithful reflection of what was experienced. It is a story of love and courage, strength and pain, human dignity and victory of life. The story of a tragedy of a nation, victims, heroes, defiance and pride was passed on to Vukovar nocturne which joins all places in town that bear the remembrance of the Homeland war.

The place of remembrance – the Vukovar hospital 1991 is a faithful reconstruction of life of a few hundred wounded, Dr. Bosanac and hospital staff during several months long occupation of the town. Memorial Center Ovčara, hangar where the victims, the wounded and medical staff spent last hours of their lives was open as a Memorial Center in 2006. In mass grave at Ovčara, the sacred place in Croatia, 261 persons lost their lives. From Ovčara towards Vukovar you arrive to Memorial Cemetery of Homeland War Victims, the biggest mass grave in Europe after the Second World War. The youngest victim was only six months old. With its 938 white crosses that spread indefinitely, it is considered one of the most beautiful graveyards in Croatia.
An impressive cross was erected at the mouth of Vuka into Danube.  
As a crown to all these events a Center of the Homeland War was opened in Vukovar barracks. A Memorial Center in the form of tightly pressed fist, as a symbol of the strength that defended this town was erected in the honor of Croatian defenders.

The town went through its ordeal, it has its nocturne, but also Danube and Vuka, Adica, sights, famous citizens, Vučedol and the Vučedol dove, as a synonym of peace and life continuity. Full of impressions and feelings you are surely going to return to this town, because people from Vukovar say that Danube smells here as nowhere else in the world.

Vučedol CULTURE MUSEUM new in 2015
The new and exceptional tourist attraction in the Vukovar area – Vučedol Culture Museum, is planned to welcome its first visitors at the beginning of 2015. In addition to the specificity and uniqueness which the Museum is drawing from its contents, the attractiveness of the Museum is guaranteed by its location and architectural design. Namely, the Museum is positioned on one side almost at the very Danube riverbank and on the other side, on four flours, in the hill, while its flat green roof is a promenade on which you are arriving to the archaeological locality. As for the content, the permanent exhibition will be displayed in 19 rooms on almost 1200 square meters. In addition to using state of the art technologies, multimedia and interactive contents, the way of life on Vučedol culture localities, spreading through 12 European countries, will be displayed.